Albert Schweitzer

Albert Schweitzer is OrganDoc, CharityDoc, MuseumDoc, TheologyDoc, PhilosophyDoc, NobelPrizeDoc, PeaceDoc, WriterDoc, MusicologyDoc, StampDoc, CoinDoc, CoverDoc, InventorDoc, InstrumentBuilderDoc

Albert Schweitzer (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his historical work on Jesus. He was born in the province of Alsace-Lorraine, at that time part of the German Empire, though he considered himself French[citation needed] and wrote mostly in French.

Schweitzer, a Lutheran, challenged both the secular view of Jesus as depicted by historical-critical methodology current at this time in certain academic circles, as well as the traditional Christian view. His contributions to the interpretation of Pauline theology are noteworthy as they concern the role of Paul’s mysticism of “being in Christ” as primary in importance to the secondary doctrine of Justification by Faith.

As a music scholar and organist, he studied the music of German composer Johann Sebastian Bach and influenced the Organ reform movement (Orgelbewegung).

see more in the entire Wikipedia notice!

CharityDoc

http://www.muz-online.de/photos13/Lambarene4.jpg

one of his main dedications in his life was to build the hospital of Lambarene in Africa!

InventorDoc

The Schweitzer Technique

Schweitzer developed a technique for recording the performances of Bach’s music. Known as “The Schweitzer Technique”, it is a slight improvement on what is commonly known as mid-side. The mid-side sees a figure-8 microphone pointed off-axis, perpendicular to the sound source. Then a single cardioid microphone is placed on axis, bisecting the figure-8 pattern. The signal from the figure-8 is mult-ed, panned hard left and right, one of the signals being flipped out of polarity. In the Schweitzer method, the figure-8 is replaced by two small diaphragm condenser microphones pointed directly away from each other. The information that each capsule collects is unique, unlike the identical out-of-polarity information generated from the figure-8 in a regular mid-side. The on-axis microphone is often a large diaphragm condenser. The technique has since been used to record many modern instruments.[citation needed]

MuseumDoc

There are SEVERAL museums about Albert Schweitzer and his life work:

Albert Schweitzer’s house at Gunsbach, now a museum and archive.


The Schweitzer house and Museum at Königsfeld in the Black Forest.

The Schweitzer house and Museum at Königsfeld in the Black Forest.

MusicologyDoc, InstrumentBuilderDoc

Schweitzer wrote books about building the organ

NobelPrizeDoc, PeaceDoc

He received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize for his philosophy of “Reverence for Life“,[2] expressed in many ways, but most famously in founding and sustaining the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambaréné, now in Gabon, west central Africa (then French Equatorial Africa).

see more in the entire Wikipedia notice!

OrganDoc

Sound recordings

Recordings of Schweitzer playing the music of Bach are available on CD. During 1934 and 1935 he resided in Britain, delivering the Gifford Lectures at Edinburgh University, and those on Religion in Modern Civilization at Oxford and London. He had originally conducted trials for recordings for HMV on the organ of the old Queen’s Hall in London. These records did not satisfy him, the instrument being too harsh. In mid-December 1935 he began to record for Columbia Records on the organ of All Hallows, Barking-by-the-Tower (London).[66] Then at his suggestion the sessions were transferred to the church of Ste Aurélie in Strasbourg, on a mid-18th-century organ by Johann Andreas Silbermann (brother of Gottfried), an organ-builder greatly revered by Bach, which had been restored by the Lorraine organ-builder Frédéric Härpfer shortly before the First World War. These recordings were made in the course of a fortnight in October 1936.[67]

More recordings listed at wikipedia entry.

Jungle-Piano

In Lambarene he had an upright piano with entire foot pedal so he could practise. It is now in the Albert-Schweitzer-Museum in Günsbach/Alsace where PianoDoc even had opportunity to play it.

PhilosophyDoc

Cover des Buches 'Die Ehrfurcht vor dem Leben'

respect for life is one of his most important sentences!

TheologyDoc

he had studied theology and written several theological books
apart from preaching activities.

The cover of Albert Schweitzer’s
“The Mysticism of Paul the Apostle”

WriterDoc

On the page of the Schweitzer-association is a complete listing of books he wrote! They have been translated into many languages – see in the list….

https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/cover.allsize.lovelybooks.de/Albert-Schweitzer--Aus-meinem-Leben-und-Denken-B002AYMFNO_xxl.jpg

CoverDoc

StampDoc – no comment-

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CoinDoc – no comment

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 BillDoc:

At least Schweitzer was on an experimental Bank note of Australia in the 1970-ies
Schweitzer-Albert-experimental-polymer-note-front

 

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