Friedrich Wolf

Friedrich Wolf was WriterDoc, DiplomatDoc, PhilosophyDoc, DirectorDoc, ArtHistoryDoc, PoliticDoc, StampDoc, CoinDoc, WriterDoc

Bundesarchiv Bild 183-14811-0013, Berlin, 3. Deutscher Schriftsteller-Kongress cropped.jpg
Friedrich Wolf (1952)

Friedrich Wolf (December 23, 1888 – October 5, 1953) was a German doctor and a politically engaged writer who at one stage, from 1949–51, served as his young country’s first ambassador to Poland.[1]
Born December 23, 1888
Neuwied, Rhine Province,Germany
Died October 5, 1953
Lehnitz (Berlin), Brandenburg, Germany
Occupation Physician
writer
politician
Diplomat
Political party KPD (1926)
SED (1950)
Spouse(s) Kaethe Gumpold (1914)
Else (Eva) Dreibholz (1922)
Children Johanna Marie (1915)
Lukas (1919)
Markus 1923–2003
Konrad 1925–1982)by Irmgard Schaaf
Thomas Naumann (1953)
Parent(s) Max & Ida Wolf

Life

Wolf was born in Neuwied (Rhine Province), the son of a Jewish merchant.

From 1907 until 1912 he studied medicine,

PhilosophyDoc, ArtHistoryDoc

philosophy and art history in Munich, Tübingen, Bonn, and Berlin and became a doctor in 1913. In 1914 he worked first as a ship’s doctor on the route between Canada,Greenland and the United States, and then in the same year became a field doctor on the Western Front in World War I; this experience made him a strong opponent of war. In 1917 he published his first prose pieces.

StampDoc

DDR stamp of Wolf, 1988

CoinDoc

Friedrich Wolf-medal
In 1918 he became a member of the Workers council in Dresden and joined the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany. After the war he worked as a doctor in Remscheid and Hechingen, where he focused on care for common people and prescribed treatment using naturopathic medicine. In 1923 and 1925 his sons Markus and Konrad were born. After 1928 he became a member of the Communist Party and the Association of Proletarian-Revolutionary Authors. In 1929 his drama “Cyankali” sparked a debate about abortion, and he was briefly arrested and charged for performing abortions.

DirectorDoc

In early 1932 he founded the Spieltrupp Südwest in Stuttgart, a communist agitprop group of lay actors that created controversial pieces about current topics.

After the Nazis came to power, Wolf emigrated with his family to Moscow. In 1938 he made his way to Spain to work as a doctor in the International Brigades. However, he was arrested in France and interned in theconcentration campLe Vernet. In 1941 he gained Soviet citizenship and returned to Moscow where he became a founder of the National Committee for a Free Germany (NKFD).

In 1945 he returned to Germany and was active in literary and cultural-political issues.

DiplomateDoc, AmbassadorDoc

From 1949 to 1951 he was the first ambassador of East Germany to Poland. On October 5, 1953, he died in his personal office inLehnitz.

WriterDoc Works

  • Mohammed (1917, drama)
  • “Langemarck” (1917, story)
  • Das bist du (1919, drama)
  • Der Unbedingte (1919, drama)
  • Die Schwarze Sonne (1921, drama)
  • Tamar (1922, drama)
  • Die Schrankkomödie (1923, drama)
  • Der Arme Konrad (1923, drama)
  • Das Heldenepos des alten Bundes (1924)
  • Kreatur (1925, novel)
  • Kolonne Hund (1926, drama)
  • Äther (1926)
  • Die Natur als Arzt und Helfer (1927)
  • Koritke (1927, drama)
  • “Der Kampf im Kohlenpott” (1927, novella)
  • Cyankali” (1929, drama)
  • Die Matrosen von Cattaro” (1930, drama)
  • Tai Yang erwacht (1930, drama)
  • Floridsdorf (1934, drama)
  • Das trojanische Pferd (1935, drama)
  • Zwei an der Grenze (1938, novel)
  • Beaumarchais (1940, drama)
  • “Der Russenpelz” (1942, novella)
  • Heimkehr der Söhne (1944, novel)
  • Dr. Lilli Wanner (1944, drama)
  • Was der Mensch säet (1945, drama)
  • Die letzte Probe (1946, drama)
  • Märchen für große und kleine Kinder (1946)
  • Wie Tiere des Waldes (1947, drama)
  • Menetekel (1952, novel)

Awards and decorations

References

  1. Jump up^ Bernd-Rainer Barth. “Wolf, Friedrich * 23.12.1888, † 5.10.1953 Schriftsteller”. Bundesstiftung zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur: Biographische Datenbanken. Retrieved January 4, 2015.

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